News of Beam Diagnostics Belarus
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Citation: News of Beam Diagnostics Belarus 2001 1-2: 40-46.

The role of endosonography in bladder and prostate cancer diagnostics.

Krasnyj S. A., Poljakov S. L.

Scientific Research Institute of Oncology and Medical Radiology named for N. N. Aleksandrov, Minsk.
 

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Figure 1. Endosonogram shows normal bladder wall. 
1 mucous layer, 
2 submucous connective tissue, 
3 muscular layer.
 

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Figure 2. Endosonogram. Bladder cancer, stage . 
1 tumour, 
2 ureters orifices.
 

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Figure 3. Endosonogram. Bladder cancer, stage 1.
 

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Figure 4. Bladder cancer, stage 2. (a) Transabdominal scanning.
 

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Figure 4. Bladder cancer, stage 2. (b) Endosonogram. Arrow indicates initial muscular layer invasion. 
 

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Figure 5. Endosonogram. Bladder cancer, stage 2b.
 

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Figure 6. Endosonogram. Bladder cancer, stage 3. Muscular layer destroyed completely.
 

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Figure 7. Endosonogram shows bladder cancer with ureter invasion. Arrow marks dilated ureter.
 

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Figure 8. Endosonogram shows cervical cancer with bladder invasion.
 

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Figure 9. Schema of prostate zones. 
1 central zone, 
2, 5 - urethra, 
3 transitional zone, 
4 fibromuscular zone, 
6 capsule, 
7 peripheral zone, 
8 ductus deference.
 

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Figure 10. Prostate central zone.
 

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Figure 11. Prostate transitional zone.
 

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Figure 12. Prostate peripheral zone.
 

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Figure 13. Prostate fibromuscular zone.
 

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Figure 14. Prostate capsule.
 

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Figure 15. Prostate cancer. Transrectal sonogram shows hypoechoic nodule in prostate.
 
Figure 16. Prostate cancer. Transrectal sonogram shows hypoechoic zone in prostate.
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